Akhmetova, L.A., Frolov, A.V. 2008. A Review of Scarabs of the Subgenus Nobius Mulsant et Rey, Genus Aphodius Illiger (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae), of the Fauna of Russia and Neighboring Countries. Entomological Review, 88(4): 421-434.
Scarab beetles of the subgenus Nobius Mulsant et Rey, genus Aphodius Illiger, distributed in Russia and neighboring countries are reviewed. A key to the species and notes on their biology are given. The tree new synonymies are established: A. serotinus (Panz.),1799 = A. x-signum Reitter, 1892, syn. n.; A. gresseri Sem. 1898 = A. korgaldzhensis Nikolajev, 1987, syn. n.; A. chaldaeus Petr., 1971 = A. moreleti Baraud, 1980, syn. n. Lectotypes of A. inclusus Reitt., 1892 and A. gresseri are designated.